Not all books and magazines are required to have a classification label, but there are rules around what you can and can't display, and also sell, depending on the content and its classification.
Checklist for suppliers of restricted books and magazines
- If a book or magazine has been classified as restricted by the Classification Office or the Film and Literature Board of Review since 2005, it may have a display condition that requires it to carry an official classification label. To find out of if a book or magazine has display conditions, search the title in the NZ Register of Classification Decisions, or contact the Information Unit.
- To obtain labels, contact the Film and Video Labelling Body.
- If a book or magazine was classified as restricted before 2005 it does not need an official label, however you must enforce the age restriction and follow any display conditions if they apply.
- If a book or magazine contains restricted material but has not been classified (an adult magazine for example) you must still display it appropriately and ensure that underage people do not have access to it.
- It is an offence to possess, supply or display objectionable or banned books and magazines.
What to do if you think a book or magazine may be objectionable (banned)
If you are concerned that a book or magazine may be objectionable under New Zealand law, but you aren't sure, then submit it to the Classification Office for a decision. This will avoid the risk of breaking the law by possessing or supplying it, and will reassure your customers that what you are supplying them is legal.
You can search the classification decision database for books and magazines to check whether they have been classified restricted or objectionable.
How to submit a book or magazine for classification
If you'd like to submit a publication for classification, you can fill out a request form here.
More information about the classification process is here.
Obtaining official classification labels for a series of magazines
An alternative to submitting an individual magazine for classification is to apply for a 'serial publication order'. The Classification Office can decide whether to grant a serial publication order by viewing a sample of three consecutive issues of a magazine. A serial publication order, when granted, allows you to apply an official classification label to every issue of a magazine for up to two years (providing the magazine series does not change dramatically in its content). For more information, contact our Information Unit.
Restricting access to adult books and magazines
Stores must display restricted publications in an appropriate manner. Practically speaking, this means that magazines with, for example, sexually explicit content on the cover, must be displayed in opaque, sealed covers unless they are in an 'adults only' area.
Distributors and sellers may apply their own labels to books and magazines to show that the publication must not be sold to people under a specified age, e.g. affixing an 'R18' label on the cover. This is a form of self-regulation encouraged under New Zealand's classification law. However, the label must not look like an official classification label.
Sellers can check the age of a customer at the point-of-sale by asking for proof-of-age identification. Remember, it is an offence to supply a restricted publication to someone under the age of restriction.