These are brief summaries of recent classification decisions.
For more detailed classification information on selected titles see our Featured classification decisions page.
24/03/2017 - R13: Violence, horror scenes and offensive language
What's it about? A team of scientists aboard the International Space Station on a mission of discovery find a rapidly evolving life form that likely caused extinction on Mars. It quickly evolves from a tiny, wispy and seemingly harmless organism into a malevolent and powerful creature that attacks the crew and becomes a very real threat to life on Earth.
What to expect? It has a tense atmosphere throughout, and uses a strong soundtrack to emphasise the suspense and sense of impending doom. The setting of the film has been artfully constructed to be as isolating and as frightening as possible. The dominant effect of the publication is of a slick horror science-fiction film about the discovery of malevolent extra-terrestrial life. The strongest depictions of violence and serious physical harm lack realism but are still of a level likely to disturb and frighten children. There is also casual use of offensive language.
24/03/2017 - R16: Graphic violence, offensive language and cruelty
What's it about? The film follows the aging and ill Wolverine (known in this film as Logan) living a hardscrabble existence near the Mexican border. He lives in an abandoned, derelict factory, where an overturned water tower houses his long-time mentor and founder of the X-Men, the psychic Charles Xavier. Xavier is suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, which has thwarted his abilities and made him dangerously unpredictable as, without medication, he suffers from mind-bending seizures that distort the atmosphere around him and can kill people.
What to expect? The film contains many instances of serious physical violence and harm which are consistently graphically depicted – bloody and hard hitting, but also over-the-top and cinematic. The dominant effect of the publication is of a well-made and emotional film that presents the redemption of two well-known Marvel characters who are humanised by their vulnerability. It contains a high extent of graphic and bloody violence, often by or against children. This is likely to shock and disturb children and younger teens and in some cases may inure them to real life violence and suffering.
24/03/2017 - R16: Violence, sexual violence, offensive language and content that may disturb
What's it about? A young and ambitious American executive who is known only as Lockhart is sent to retrieve the CEO of his corporation, Roland Pembroke. Roland takes leave at a health spa in Switzerland and refuses to return to the corporation. The spa is located in a castle on top of a mountain over a small village and there is bad blood between the villagers and the inhabitants of the castle. Doctor Volmer, the director of the spa, refuses to let Lockhart interview Pembroke. Frustrated, Lockhart attempts to make the return journey by car down the mountain, when a brutal accident lands him back at the castle with a broken leg.
What to expect? The film contains a number of stylised shock/horror set pieces. Some have sexual undertones. Elements of the film are coloured by disturbing, and at times beautifully constructed, set-pieces. There is a disturbing scene of sexual violence, but, in conjunction with the other scenes it is presented as cruel and reprehensible, and is contextualised by its overblown and deliberately shocking manner. Older teenagers and adults should have the critical capacity to put this material into perspective without being adversely affected.
16/03/2017 - R18: Graphic violence, offensive language and content that may disturb
What's it about? A group of policemen respond to an emergency callout on the fringes of Istanbul but their van plunges into a river while they are making their way to the callout. The officers are unharmed, and a short time later arrive at a dilapidated mansion, the site of the callout. The officers enter the mansion and soon fall victim to its inhabitants – a grotesque society of Satanists bent on creating hell on earth.
What to expect? A gory Turkish horror film with Satanic themes. It is surreal and disturbing, containing elements of horror, violence and sexual coercion. The film is well-made and builds from a slow start to a gruesome and bloody climax. Nightmarish scenes of torture, violence, sexual coercion, and degrading sexual and physical conduct have a high impact, and would be greatly disturbing and shocking to most people but particularly children and young persons. Adult audiences are likely to have the maturity and life experience to place this material in the context of a dark horror film without being negatively affected, and they are clearly the target viewers.
8/03/2017 - R16: Violence, offensive language and sexual material
What's it about? Two middle-aged California Highway Patrol motorcycle officers, Jon Baker and Francis “Ponch” Poncherello, are partnered up to tackle highway crime and uncover corrupt police officers within the force. Ponch is an undercover FBI agent and Jon is a rookie officer with extraordinary motorcycle handling abilities. Together the duo spend their days in pursuit of a crime ring headed by a corrupt police officer, Lieutenant Ray.
What to expect? The film’s comedy comes from the interactions and camaraderie between Ponch and Jon as they build trust with one another and work as a team to apprehend criminals. High-octane motorcycle chases and over-the-top action dominates the film. The overall effect of CHIPS is a wildly over-the-top buddy cop film laden with sexual gags and puerile humour. The sexual material and adult humour is beyond the maturity of younger viewers, especially children, who will instead be prematurely exposed to adult sexuality. Older teenagers and adults are more likely to have the experience and maturity to put these elements of the publication into its comedy context without being negatively affected.
3/03/2017 - R13: Violence, sexual material and nudity
What's it about? The game opens with massive colony ships arriving in Andromeda, a new galaxy. The player's customisable avatar (a human known as Ryder) is awoken from cryo-sleep. As a Pathfinder, they must search this new galaxy for habitable planets suitable for colonisation. However, Andromeda is unwelcoming to the colonists, with its planets rendered uninhabitable by a massive energy cloud, and a warlike alien race proving hostile to the intruders.
What to expect? The dominant effect of Mass Effect: Andromeda is of a grand space-faring adventure filled with spectacular vistas, memorable characters and plenty of firefights. There are regular sequences of sustained violent combat.
Alongside some limited elements of cruelty, references to crimes and some low-level sex scenes, which all occur in the course of the story, the game is clearly intended for a more mature audience.
27/02/2017 - R13: Violence, horror scenes and offensive language
What's it about? The player assumes the role of Morgan Yu, a crew member on board the space station Talos I, which is conducting scientific research. During a routine examination, the station is overrun by Typhons – ethereal, shape-shifting aliens – which kill most of the crew. Morgan must find a way to survive the alien threat and escape the Talos I, all the while uncovering the moral ambiguity of the research that was being performed within it.
What to expect? The dominant effect is that of a thoughtful first-person shooter in a science-fiction setting, with a restrained approach to combat and a heavy focus on exploration and puzzle-solving. The level of horror and stronger instances of violence (such as where players attack human characters with the laser-gun) are likely to shock and disturb children, but are unlikely to be injurious to teenagers and adults.
27/01/2017 - R13: Violence, offensive language and content that may disturb
What's it about? Patriots Day is a US drama/thriller based on events surrounding the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, and the city-wide manhunt in the days afterwards to catch the men responsible. The film follows Tommy Saunders (Mark Wahlberg), a Boston police officer who is on the ground at the time of the bombings, and helps the FBI piece together surveillance footage leading to identification of the bombers.
What to expect? The film is an effective action thriller/drama based on a recent real-life tragedy. It contains scenes and subject matter that would be greatly disturbing and shocking to children, in particular the shots of bodily injury and focus on terrified victims and families affected by a mindless terrorist attack. The aftermath, which includes a car-jacking, a violent street battle and the execution of a police officer in his car at point blank range, also has a high degree of impact.
Teenagers and adults will have the maturity and life experience to place this material in its dramatic and historic context.
12/01/2017 - Objectionable (banned)
What's it about? Gal*Gun: Double Peace is a Japanese rail shooter for the PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, and Microsoft Windows. The player assumes the role of Houdai Kudoki, a high-schooler who has no luck with girls. A cupid-type angel accidentally shoots Houdai with a laser that condenses all of Houdai￢ﾀﾙs romantic opportunities (for the rest of his life) into the next day. Houdai must use a "pheromone shot" to give the girls 'euphoria' which subdues them and allows him to confess to his true love.
Why was it banned? The game tends to promote and support the sexual exploitation of children and young persons, and the use of coercion in relation to sexual conduct. It depicts young female high-school students in a way that emphasises their sexual availability. For example, doki-doki mode involves the player touching and rubbing the girls to bring them to a state of 'euphoria', essentially a sort of orgasm. The game also continuously frames high school students as sexually compliant objects to be fetishized and touched regardless of their consent.
The game's lack of difficulty further supports the idea that the intention of this game is for the titillation and arousal of the player, rather than gameplay mastery. It is therefore likely not only to attract people with a prurient interest in young persons, but also to reinforce the belief that a sexual interest in young persons is acceptable, which contributes to their sexual exploitation in wider society.
For the full decision and the legal criteria that Gal*Gun: Double Peace has been assessed against, please contact the Information Unit.
13/01/2017 - M: Violence, offensive language and content that may disturb
What's it about? The film takes in the present, near-past and distant-past to follow Jackie Bouvier Kennedy's (Natalie Portman) grief and trauma as she struggles with her Catholic faith, the responsibility for her children, leaving her home, and how she defines her husband's legacy by the funeral she demands for him - one to rival Abraham Lincoln's.
What to expect? The film is an immersive psychological portrait of the First Lady in the immediate days after her husband was assassinated. It is an art-house production that is unlikely to have mass appeal. In a shifting timeline, it delivers an emotional record of a high-profile public figure coping with not only family tragedy, but a nation's grief and the world's sorrow.
While the bloodied images and senses of tragedy and grief are likely to momentarily disturb and shock younger viewers, they are unlikely to have any lasting effect.
14/12/2016 - R16: Violence, offensive language and sex scenes
What's it about? Joe Coughlin (Ben Affleck), the son of a Boston police captain, decides to cross the wrong mob boss when he begins an affair with Emma Gould (Sienna Miller), the mistress of powerful bootlegger Albert White (Robert Glenister). After a bank robbery goes awry and three policemen are killed, Joe is sent to Charlestown Penitentiary. Upon his release from prison, Joe visits Italian mobster Maso Pescatore (Remo Girone) and asks to work for him in order to get his revenge on White.
What to expect? Live By Night is a slickly produced violent gangster film. It contains extensive and strong violence and cruelty, which is likely to greatly shock and disturb younger viewers. The film also contains non-explicit sex scenes and highly offensive language.
The narrative's moral ambiguity requires a mature understanding to contextualise.
8/12/2016 - R16: Violence, offensive language, drug use, and sexual material
What's it about? Carol (Jennifer Aniston) and Clay (T. J. Miller), two siblings who have inherited their father's data storage company, are at odds with each other over keeping the Chicago branch of the business open. As the CEO, Carol threatens to close down the branch if Clay is not able to secure a lucrative business deal with client Walter Davis (Courtney B. Vance) before the end of the day. Clay stages an extravagant Christmas party to win Davis over.
What to expect? The dominant effect is an over-the-top Christmas-themed comedy incorporating silly sex gags. There is a high extent of drug and alcohol use which is especially troubling as it is shown in combination with driving. There is a moderate extent of highly offensive language.
Older audiences will appreciate the humour and contextualise the stronger sexual material within a light-hearted comedy.
2/12/2016 - R18: Violence, sexual violence and offensive language
What's it about? A Parisian videogame executive (Isabelle Huppert) is raped in her home by a masked assailant. The film then delves into her complicated interpersonal relationships as she becomes increasingly suspicious of the men in her life.
What to expect? Scenes containing nudity, violence, sex, sexual violence, and offensive language. The film is a genre-defying and transgressive comedic character study that deals with the complex interaction of sexual violence, psychopathy and masochism.
Children and teenagers are unlikely to understand the complex sexual politics that run throughout the film, and the highly detailed and realistic nature of the rape scene may be triggering for some survivors of sexual violence.
28/11/2016 - R16: Graphic violence and horror
What's it about? Vampire death dealer Selene (Kate Beckinsale) is called back to her coven by Semira (Lara Pulver) to train vampires against an imminent Lycan threat. However, most of the vampires in the coven still treat Selene with suspicion for killing one of their vampire elders.
What to expect? A slickly produced gothic action film that focusses on well-choreographed fight scenes while maintaining a gothic horror atmosphere. Extensive scenes of serious physical harm that depict gore and viscera, which is likely to be greatly disturbing and shocking to young viewers.
Older teenagers are likely to place the film within its generic and fictional context.
08/11/2016 - R16: Violence, sexual violence, offensive language and nudity
What's it about? A thriller that oscillates between the reality of successful L.A. art gallery owner, Susan's (Amy Adams) life and a manuscript she reads written by her first husband, Edward (Jake Gyllenhaal). As both stories unfold it becomes clear that Edward has written the novel and sent it to Susan in order to take revenge on her.
What to expect? The dominant effect is a smart and stylish thriller focused on the theme of revenge. It contains some strong scenes of violence and cruelty and deals extensively with sexual violence, all of which have a strong impact on the viewer.
This includes extensive scenes containing the threat of sexual violence, callous taunts, and a brief rape scene. There is periodic use of highly offensive language in an aggressive context.
08/11/2016 - R16: Violence, offensive language, sexual material and other content that may offend
What's it about? Billy Bob Thornton returns as the foul-mouthed alcoholic anti-hero Willie Soke. Willie is lured to Chicago by his angry side-kick Marcus (Tony Cox), to crack a safe and rob a large Christmas charity.
What to expect? Strong sexual references throughout, and several sex scenes which are all over-the-top and intended to be comical in the manner of black humour, but are unsuitable for younger viewers who may not have the maturity or experience to deal with sexually explicit references.
The dominant effect is of an acerbic, crass black comedy. Most of the humour presented is intended to be shocking and satirical. There is an attempted suicide scene at the start of the film but the depiction is not considered to carry any risk of emulation due to the context. It is intended to be darkly humorous, and illustrates the sorry state of Willie's life.
08/11/2016 - R16: Violence and offensive language
What's it about? A divorced father (Chris Pine - Star Trek) and his ex-con older brother (Ben Foster - The Program) resort to a desperate scheme to save their family's ranch in West Texas. They rob branch after branch of the bank that is foreclosing on their family land, and along the way attract the attention of a tenacious and soon-to-be retired Texas Ranger (Jeff Bridges).
What to expect? Scenes containing crime, cruelty, violence and highly offensive language that would be greatly disturbing and shocking to young viewers. The dominant effect is a well-made, character-driven crime drama with western genre elements.
Toby and Tanner's illegal behaviour, while it eventually has tragic consequences, is also viewed against the predatory lending behaviour of the banks and limited options for an underclass of people just scraping by financially.
This gives the story a moral complexity that younger viewers would struggle with. For these reasons, the Classification Office has restricted the film to viewers aged 16 years and over.
06/11/2016 - R16: Sex scenes, violence, drug use and offensive language
What's it about? Bob Bolero and Terry Monroe are corrupt New Mexico cops. These hard-drinking, wise-cracking anti-heroes relish in brazenly blackmailing, robbing and beating up all the criminals they encounter. After they come up against criminal kingpin, James Mangan, things get very, very personal.
What to expect? The film has a fast-paced Tarantino-style aesthetic and lurches from one frenzied violent set piece to another knowingly referencing cop-movie conventions in a tongue-in-cheek manner.
The quickly-edited but frequent depictions of assault and murder, as well as occasional torture scenes, are likely to shock and disturb children and younger teenagers, or otherwise have an inuring effect on them. The film is saturated with highly offensive language, and candid but brief depictions of drug use and sexual intercourse and sexualised nudity.
Younger audiences are not likely to have the life experience or maturity to understand the black humour permeating through these scenes. Older teenagers and adults are likely to put these strong scenes of violence and sexual material into the context of a satiricial, over-the-top narrative.
04/11/2016 - R15: Depicts graphic and realistic war scenes
What's it about? Hacksaw Ridge dramatises the real-life experiences of World War II American soldier, Desmond Doss (Andrew Garfield - The Amazing Spider-Man), the first conscientious objector to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Doss went to war but refused to fire a bullet, choosing to enter the battlefield without a weapon.
What to expect? The film has a high extent and degree of violence, which initially touches on domestic violence and bullying, and progresses to explosive gut-wrenching war combat in the second half.
The most significant element of the dominant effect is the way the film shows the futility of war. The extent and degree of violence and cruelty in the second half of the film, although highly edited and contextualised in the dominant effect, has the potential to disturb and distress children and younger teenagers.
The graphic nature of violence warrants restriction, and a higher restriction may have been necessary. However, the Classification Office has balanced the high impact of these depictions against the film's artistic merit, and cultural and educational value.
R16: Violence, offensive language, sex scenes and content that may disturb
01/10/2016 - The Girl On The Train is set in the outskirts of New York City and has a running time of just under 112 minutes.
The film is based on British author, Paula Hawkins' 2015 bestselling neo-noir, psychological thriller about a troubled woman, Rachel Watson, who takes the train every day. The journey passes the street where she used to live with her ex-husband, Tom. She spends her commuting time creating fantasies about a new couple who also live on the street, and whom she sees in glancing intimate moments. One morning, she notices something that shocks her and soon becomes embroiled in mystery and murder. Addiction and trauma have clouded her memory and she becomes obsessed with finding the truth.
This feature targets viewers who are older teens and adults, those are more likely to have the analytical ability and measures to make sense of the complex storyline and distance themselves from the stronger material. There is subject matter to do with sex, violence, horror and cruelty which builds as the narrative plays out. Rachel's character is often confronted and deliberately confused. There are scenes of domestic violence and some psychological cruelty. Many of the images that convey these themes are glancing and difficult to put into a meaningful context until the final scenes. The likelihood of this material being confusing and disturbing for younger viewers is high. For these reasons, The Girl On The Train is restricted to an audience aged 16 years and over.
R13: Contains violence
18/08/2016 - Warhammer 40,000: Eternal Crusade is a sci-fi multiplayer shooter set on the war-torn planet of Arkhona.
From a third-person perspective, players control a sci-fi warrior from one of four factions and battle against the other player-populated armies. These factions are the power-armoured Space Marines, a 'Chaos' variant of the Space Marines, a race of space-elves known as Eldar, and the entertainingly goofy Orks. A fifth AI-controlled faction of insect-like aliens known as the Tyranid are used for purely co-operative gameplay.
With skirmishes of around 30 players a side, two factions battle across large maps, attacking and defending zones and fortresses. The effect is of continuous sci-fi combat which, while not realistic, requires players to engage in repetitive bloody violence. As a result, the game is restricted to persons aged thirteen and older.
R16: Sex scenes, violence, drug use and offensive language
16/08/2016 - Sausage Party is an animated comedy that stars an ensemble voice cast including Seth Rogen, Kristen Wiig, Jonah Hill, Bill Hader, Michael Cera, James Franco, Danny McBride, Craig Robinson, Paul Rudd, Nick Kroll, David Krumholtz, Edward Norton and Salma Hayek.
The film turns a simple supermarket into a microcosm of human society. It centres on anthropomorphic food items and other consumer products that are convinced that their destiny is to be purchased by "gods" (humans) and then taken into the "great beyond". Frank (a hotdog) and Brenda (a bread bun) are placed next to each other on the supermarket shelf and long to be together.
All of the happy beliefs of the food are called into question when a jar of honey mustard is returned to the supermarket. Shaken by the horrors he witnessed in the outside world, he tries to tell his fellow products that the world outside the supermarket is not what they imagine.
Frank and Brenda end up on an odyssey in the supermarket trying to unravel the truth about the outside world. On their journey they meet a bickering pair of breads (Bagel and Lavash), a lesbian taco shell (Teresa Del Taco) and encounter an angry bottle of douche. Frank and his friends are enriched with knowledge when they meet Firewater, a bottle of Native American-themed alcohol, who helps them answer the existential questions that plague them.
The film contains animated violence, crass sexual references, sex scenes, drug use, and highly offensive language. Older teenagers and adults are more likely to have the maturity to comprehend the film's stronger elements without being negatively affected. For these reasons, Sausage Party is restricted to persons 16 years of age and older.
M: Suitable for mature audiences 16 years and over. Offensive language, sexual references and content that may offend.
09/08/2016 - Ricky Gervais returns as David Brent, his old character from the BBC series, The Office.
Set 15 years after the events of the TV show, David Brent is now a sales rep and still an aspiring musician.
In this mockumentary, Brent uses his pension and vacation time to tour with his band, Foregone Conclusion - his one last crack at becoming a rock star.
The film follows the band as they play small venues and end up involved in a Battle of the Bands contest. Unsurprisingly, Brent oversteps the mark with his politically incorrect sense of humour, providing plenty of cringe-worthy moments and awkward conversations.
Brent's typically offensive, sexist, homophobic and racist comments manage to offend everyone, including his fellow band members.
It contains the occasional use of sexual references and juvenile innuendo.
Our examiners said this about the film: "The offensive language and intentionally offensive and mildly degrading content require a degree of maturity to understand in context. Therefore the film is classified as unrestricted but recommended as more suitable for mature audiences."
R18: Graphic violence, drug use, offensive language and sexual material
09/08/2016 - The film Hardcore Henry, available on Blu-Ray and DVD, is based on the first person shooter genre of games. It is filmed entirely in the first person perspective using GoPro cameras, with the viewer effectively seeing what Henry sees through the entire length of the film.
Hardcode Henry is a frenetic, immersive, and violent action film about a man who wakes up in a Moscow laboratory to learn that he's been brought back from the dead as a half-human, half-robotic hybrid. With no memory of his former life, a woman who claims to be his wife tells him that his name is Henry. Before she can activate his voice, armed thugs storm in and kidnap her. As Henry starts to understand his new abilities, he embarks on a bloody rampage through the city to save his spouse from a psychopath (Danila Kozlovsky) who plans to destroy the world.
Our examiners had this to say: "This film has been restricted to adults because of its strong and extensive scenes of violence and cruelty. This material is likely to greatly shock and disturb children and teenagers. Similarly the use of violence and cruelty with a hyped up tone in the context of entertainment is likely to inure and desensitise children and teenagers to such depictions of violence. The film also contains a considerable amount of sexual material, scenes of drug use, and offensive language - all of which contributes to the R18 classification."
R13: Contains violence
09/08/2016 - Dragon Blade is an historically-themed blockbuster from China, an epic bloody tale of warring nations and friendship, loosely inspired by history.
Set on the Silk Road in 50 BC, it follows General Huo An (Jackie Chan) as he and his Silk Road Protection Squad keep the trading nations from breaking into war. But it is a tenuous peace, shattered by the arrival of a Roman legion.
The bloody battle violence and themes of cruelty ensure the DVD/Blu-Ray is unsuitable for younger viewers.
There are some strong action sequences, involving spectacular scenes of martial arts and melee combat, with glimpses of blood and stabbings to imply stronger violence than is typically shown. However some characters are seen coughing up blood or with bloodied faces as the result of cruel injury.
Our examiners agreed that the impact of these stronger sequences are tied into climactic or dramatic scenes and as such are well contextualised.
Teenagers have the maturity to deal with this stronger content, especially as it is distanced by its historic setting. As a result the film is restricted to 13-year-olds and over. This ensures children are protected from the violence and cruelty of the film while allowing teenagers to enjoy its thrilling spectacle.
R16: Violence, offensive language and sexual themes
28/07/2016 - Deus Ex: Mankind Divided is a globe-trotting first-person action adventure game set in a cyberpunk 2029. Due for release in August, it follows cyborg Adam Jensen as he investigates domestic terrorism and international conspiracies in a world where the mechanically augmented are no longer trusted.
To progress through the game, players involve themselves in a seedy world of crime and violence. However players are allowed the freedom to move stealthily through each level or to go in guns blazing. To this end, the game presents a varying extent of otherwise bloody and violent combat. But with the use of firearms and bladed weapons against human opponents, the effect remains impactful.
This violence is at a level that is likely to shock and disturb children and younger teens or could have the effect of desensitising them to real life violence. Due to the way the game deals with violence, crime and sexual themes, the game is restricted to those aged 16 and older.
R13: Violence, sexual violence and content that may disturb
24/06/2016 - India's Daughter is a 2014 documentary from the United Kingdom about Jyoti Singh, the 23-year-old medical student who, on 16 December 2012, was gang-raped and tortured on a Delhi bus and left for dead. The ensuing outrage reverberated around the world with large demonstrations beginning in Delhi the day after. The narrative digs into the culture that allowed this heinous crime to occur by seeking out and listening to Jyoti's friends and family, police, medical staff, one of the jailed rapists, and families of the rapists. Defense lawyers are also given time as are other officials in the judiciary. The documentary uses a straightforward approach allowing the subjects to speak for themselves which makes for often unsettling confrontation for the viewer when attitudes and beliefs view Jyoti as the transgressor.
The diminished status of girls and women and the discrimination towards them in areas of Indian society is given high profile. There are men interviewed who are adamant that it was Jyoti's fault she was raped. These men come from not only the judiciary, but also from lower caste men who are relatives of the rapists. Their comments are revealing and offer chilling insight into the minds of men who are taught to view women with contempt. "A girl is far more responsible for rape than a boy" a man declares, implying that Jyoti gave up her right to be treated with respect when she went outdoors at night with a male non-family member. The film includes comments from a number of academics who ably point out how the oppression of women is often rooted in numerous smaller, everyday prejudices.
The treatment of the subject matter is not gratuitous and there is no imagery of the violence or the rape. There is significant merit in the way such an horrific set of acts are presented in a careful manner without denying the realities. These also need some maturity to rationalise and put into context. Children are lesser equipped to make sense of such complexities such as this and are likely to be shocked and disturbed by the stronger material. Therefore the documentary is classified R13 with a note for violence, sexual violence and content that may disturb.
R18: Explicit sex scenes and offensive language
13/07/2016 - Paris 05.59 is a French film due to screen at the International Film Festival. It's about Theo and Hugo, two gay men who meet during the film's opening 20-minute sex scene in a sex club. The camera follows them as they get to know each other during the rest of the feature, biking and walking the streets of Paris, going to hospital, riding the subway, and visiting Hugo's apartment. Hugo realises that Theo did not use a condom - and has to tell Theo that he is HIV positive. They do the responsible thing by visiting the A&E department. The film ends at 05.59am - the moment the men fall in love.
The film begins with a lengthy and explicit sex scene that involves a large group of men. It is clear the men are engaging in intercourse and fellatio with one another. Although the remainder of the film is largely uneventful and dialogue heavy, this is clearly a love-story for adults due to the high level and impact of this sexual material. It is not intended for teenagers or children, who are not at an age to negotiate such sexual content and the context in which it is shown. Therefore, the availability of the publication requires restriction to adult viewers.
R16: Violence, offensive language, sex scenes and content that may disturb
11/07/2016 - The Sound And The Fury is an adaptation of a novel by William Faulkner published in 1929. This movie, coming soon on DVD, follows a conservative old Southern American family falling apart as the world enters the 20th century.
The film is directed by, and stars, James Franco, and features Seth Rogan and Danny McBride in minor roles. The narrative provokes thought about the darker side of the human condition and draws attention to issues of the time. It is emotionally harrowing and best suited to those who have the maturity to comprehend the historical context. The narrative is tense and often gives a sense of unrest but is slow moving with a focus on voiceover and dialogue.
Younger viewers are likely to be disturbed by the depictions of violence and the threatening and cruel behaviours. The sexual content, although brief, is inappropriate for younger viewers, as is the use of highly offensive racist language. The disturbing treatment of the mentally challenged and the racist attitudes of some of the characters support a restriction as younger viewers lack the maturity and life experience to place these elements into an historical context. For these reasons the film is classified R16 with a note for violence, offensive language, sex scenes and disturbing content.
R16: Violence, offensive language and content that may disturb
06/07/2016 - Colonia is a gripping historical thriller based on actual events and coming soon to cinemas. The story follows a young couple, Daniel and Lena (played by Emma Watson), who become entangled in the 1973 Chilean coup d'etat. Daniel is abducted and detained at Colonia Dignidad, an oppressive commune where political prisoners are taken to disappear. Lena joins the commune and subjects herself to harsh treatment in the hope of rescuing Daniel. The film is classified R16 because it contains some strong depictions of cruelty that are likely to disturb younger viewers.
R13: Content that may disturb
30/06/2016 - Beware The Slenderman is a documentary exploring the circumstances of a 2014 stabbing in Wisconsin. It is due to screen as part of the NZ International Film Festival.
The film follows the families of two twelve-year-old girls who plotted to kill their friend, in the hope of gaining the favour of the urban-horror figure known as the Slenderman.
Through interviews, news reports, court sessions and professional opinions, the film unravels the mix of urban legend, mental health and social circumstances which led two young girls to attempt murder. Due to the way the film intertwines horror imagery with the discussion of violent crime, it is likely to be disturbing to children. As a result, the film is restricted to teenagers and adults.
R18: Graphic violence, drug use and offensive language
29/06/2016 - Green Room is an American survival thriller, coming soon to cinemas. It centres on a struggling punk band who travel to a remote location to play a gig for what turns out to be a group of violent right wing rednecks. When they become witness to a murder they are held against their will in the Green Room.
When the owner of the club hears of what has happened, he immediately arranges to cover up the murder by killing the band members and frame them for the murder. The band members are forced into a vicious fight for survival against their captors.
The dark, suspenseful film contains numerous spikes of cruel, graphic, high impact violence that is likely to shock and disturb all but an adult audience. Adding to the need for a restriction is the highly offensive language which is used in a threatening and aggressive way. Brief depictions of drug use also support a restriction. The film is classified R18 for these reasons.
R18: Sex scenes, offensive language
25/06/2016 - Fifty Shades Of Black is a parody of the erotic thriller Fifty Shades Of Grey coming to DVD/Blu-Ray on 29 June 2016.
Bookish college graduate Hannah Steale embarks on a relationship with wealthy businessman Christian Black. Their relationship is based on BDSM (bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism) and the film contains extensive depictions of BDSM conduct that have a strong impact on the viewer.
This material is likely to greatly shock and disturb children and teenagers who are likely to not have an understanding of BDSM relationships.
Regular use of highly offensive language, sexual references and sex scenes are similarly likely to cause harm to this audience. This material is likely to adversely affect the development of children and teenagers who are still in the process of forming sexual attitudes and behaviours. Adults have the necessary maturity to view this material in the context of a parody of a well-known erotic thriller.
M: Suitable for mature audiences 16 years of age and over. Contains sex scenes and offensive language.
25/06/2016 - Tallulah stars Ellen Page in the title role of this Netflix movie. It's an emotional drama highlighting social divisions and perspectives through the eyes of three women.
Tallulah is a free-spirited young woman who encounters an intoxicated Carolyn. Rich and distraught, Carolyn leaves her toddler with Tallulah to go partying. Tallulah makes a rash decision to take the baby to Margo, the mother of her former boyfriend, claiming it is her grandchild. Carolyn and the police frantically scour New York searching for the toddler. Tallulah is eventually caught and arrested.
The film contains highly offensive language, crimes such as kidnapping, and a low-level sex scene. These are contained within a dialogue-bound, character-driven film that is unlikely to engage a younger audience. However the presence of this brief material means that while the publication is classified as unrestricted, it is more appropriate for a mature audience.
R13 and R16
22/06/2016 - Some episodes within Season Four of Orange Is The New Black on Netflix have been classified as R13, while other episodes containing stronger material have been classified as R16.
Episodes which have been classified as R13 are likely to contain offensive language, along with less strong depictions of sexual material and violence. Some of these episodes include nudity.
Episodes which have been classified as R16 contain stronger sexual material, including sex scenes, along with stronger scenes of violence and cruelty. These episodes are also likely to include drug use.
Orange Is The New Black is an American comedy/drama series which is set in a women's prison. The series is about Piper Chapman, a woman in her thirties who is sentenced to fifteen months imprisonment for transporting money for her drug dealing ex-girlfriend, Alex. The series centres on the day-to-day happenings inside the prison as friendships are formed and relationships are tested. There are flashback sequences in each episode which explore several of the more prominent characters' pasts. The publication is an intelligent and funny drama, focusing on the individual stories of a range of diverse women as well as the relationships between them in prison.
R16: Sexual references and offensive language
22/06/2016 - Ali Wong: Baby Cobra is a bold and crass recorded stand-up comedy routine, performed by comedian Ali Wong and currently screening on Netflix. She discusses her pregnancy, sex, her husband, differences in her body as she has aged and her use of pornography. She also discusses her perspective on miscarriage and the way male comedians use babies as leverage for their careers. There are many strong references to sex. Wong's honesty around sex is intended to be bawdy and shock the audience, particularly as she performs while pregnant in a male dominated industry.
The show contains a considerable amount of highly offensive language that is likely to cause harm to children and young teenagers as its use in a comedy context may lead to young viewers thinking that such language is socially acceptable.